The Regional Express Train (TER) is one of the flagship projects of the Senegal Emergent Plan (PSE) initiated by the President of the Republic, His Excellency Mr. Macky Sall . The TER will connect the city center of Dakar to the new International Airport Blaise Diagne located 57km, in 45 minutes.
Articulated with other modes of transport by a folding system intelligently thought, the TER will be the backbone of transport in the Senegalese capital. The project will be carried out in two phases: a first phase ranging from Dakar station to Diamniadio (36km) and a second phase from Diamniadio to AIBD airport (19km).
The TER, a structuring project
With the commissioning of phase 1, the TER will transport up to 115,000 passengers a day and will serve 13 stations and stops between the suburbs of Dakar and the new city of Diamniadio . The fourteenth (14 th ) station, that of the International Airport Blaise Diagne will be served at the end of the work phase 2.
With a frequency of 6 trains per hour (one train every 10 minutes) and a top speed of 160 km / h, the TER is a mass transport that meets international standards in terms of urban mobility. The TER Dakar – AIBD project as conceived today achieves socio-economic profitability.
Indeed, the completed socio-economic studies show that Phase 1 (Dakar – Diamniadio ) alone of the project achieves a very good profitability with a socio-economic IRR between 11.9% and 14.9% according to the scenarios with a tariff Intermediate that brings significant benefits to the community.
In terms of employment, thousands of young Senegalese and Senegalese will be recruited during the construction phase but also during the operation phase of the project.
The project will contribute to the creation of new trades and the emergence of new vocations in the railway sector.
The stations will also be spaces of revitalization of the cities in the sense that they will revitalize the activities and will favor the emergence of related economic activities which will be grafted around the TER.
The TER, several markets for several areas of expertise
The implementation strategy adopted for the project was to combine the work by domain in order to facilitate implementation and to ensure that deadlines are met.
Since 2016, the procurement process, based on the preliminary design studies (APS) completed by the SYSTRA company, has led to the signing of contracts for the following lots :
The M1 (Infrastructures) market concerns detailed studies and installation works for a two-lane UIC 1435 mm railway platform, the construction of recovery works (railway bridges, road bridges, hydraulic structures, footbridges, etc.), roads , two (2) maintenance sites (rolling stock and infrastructure) and station platforms.
The M2 market (Systems) concerns the detailed studies and the supply and installation of all technical systems of the project including railway signaling, power supply system (substation, catenary …), telecommunications, information traveler and ticketing.
The M3 market (metric track) concerns the work of shifting and renewal of the existing metric track intended to accommodate the commercial exploitation of the freight .
The M4 market is divided into two categories : the M4 A1 entrusted to Eiffage Senegal, which deals with the renovation and development of Dakar and Rufisque stations and the M4 A2 by Getran , which concerns the construction of the emblematic Diamniadio station. .
The M5 (rolling stock) market concerns, in its first phase, an order for fifteen (15) dual-mode self-propelled trains (both electric and diesel traction) of CORADIA brand. Each train will consist of four (4) cars and will carry up to 565 passengers by offering wireless services, multimedia, comfort (1 st and 2 th class), air conditioning, lighting and storage on board. A second phase will deliver an order of 7 trains.
In 2018, it is planned to finalize the procurement process for the following lots:
- Market M4-B1 : Construction Thiaroye and Keur Mbaye Railway Stations FALL ;
- Market M4-B2 : Construction of the eight halts
- Market M6 : Maintenance and Exploitation of TER
Work has started since 2017 ; With the support of a Project Management Assistance (AMO- Systra ), APIX-SA ensures the smooth implementation and compliance with the master plan for commissioning in early 2019.
The liberation of the rights of way and the social accompaniment of the people affected by the project (PAP)
The TER project in its first phase, crosses 18 communes located in the departments of Dakar, Pikine and Rufisque. One-stop shops called ” Maison TER “, information and conciliation areas, have been set up in each department to receive the 12,000 Project Affected Persons (PAPs). These PAPs have been identified in accordance with the Action Plan and Resettlement (PAR) completed and validated in ad-hoc committee chaired by the Minister of the Interior.
Since 2016, under the aegis of the Governor of Dakar and on the supervision of the prefects, conciliation commissions have started in the departments of Dakar, Rufisque and Pikine.
In addition, for a good appropriation of the compensation package which respects the principles of donor compensation (OP 4.12), facilitating structures (NGOs) have been recruited to work in each TER house and to ensure good support PAPs .
In order to gain acceptance of the project by the population, a collaborative process was initiated with the local communities and the administrative authorities through the holding of several information and awareness meetings in all the communes impacted by the project.
In addition, an extensive social support program, which is an additional process to compensation for PAPs , was initiated upstream with local authorities and administrative authorities. In addition to the implementation of several related developments, social support aims to strengthen the social and economic capacities of the actors impacted by the project.
At the same time, the related developments provided for in this program may contribute to the growth of economic activities in the communes crossed.
Engaged partners and funding secured
As for the works, the financing scheme of the project was alloti between different donors to cover the different batches independently.
In 2016, approvals from the AFD and French Treasury Boards of Directors were received and a financing agreement was signed with the IDB.
The first disbursements were effective in 2017 after the signing of financing agreements between the State of Senegal and AFD and the ADB.
The significant contribution of these multiple donors to the construction of this structuring project undeniably shows acceptance and acceptance of the project, which will constitute the bedrock of urban transport for future generations.