PORTRAIT OF THE SECTOR
The Senegalese economy is mainly based on the agricultural sector which occupies more than 60% of the active population. In this regard, the State of Senegal has implemented major programs to improve , strengthen and modernize the agricultural production base through the policies defined in the Emerging Senegal Plan (PSE), in its component PRACAS (program to accelerate the pace of Senegalese agriculture ), which aims at self – sufficiency in rice, among other objectives.
With particular has abundant water resources and arable land conducive to agricultural production, the potential of agriculture in Senegal is widely recognized, particularly in the sectors cereal and horticultural. The models of success in recent years sufficiently prove the capacity existing operators private Senegalese and foreigners.
Senegalese agriculture is mainly:
- nearly 4 million hectares (19% of the country’s area), unevenly distributed in eco-geographical zones;
- of set value agricultural annually cover only 65% of this land, about 2.5 million hectares;
- 98% of this land cultivated under rain, inducing an agricultural activity highly exposed to climatic hazards.
Agriculture is the fundamental pillar of Senegal’s development policy, which brings together all the conditions favorable to the development of a competitive agriculture ensuring food security and important export flows to high-value markets. Specifically, the field of horticulture – fruit and vegetables – presents , in the current context, the best assets in terms of growth and creation of added value . The range of food, industrial and horticultural agricultural products is wide and constitutes for Senegalese agriculture numerous confirmed opportunities. Among these products, we can retain the peanut and die oilseed, rice, cereals ( maize , millet, sorghum), onion, tomato industrial, horticultural export products, etc.
However, to accelerate truly and significantly the pace in a context of scarcity of resources financial, the Government of Senegal has chosen to make a prioritization effort. Thus, the Government with all stakeholders intends to focus and boost its agricultural investments in highly strategic products for Senegal affecting the entire rural world namely rice, onion, peanuts and fruits and vegetables cons -season.
The objective is, in particular, to achieve an export volume of more than 200 000 tonnes of fruit and vegetables, over a medium – term time horizon, through the widening of the diversity of “Origine Sénégal ” products. Another ambition for Senegalese horticulture, in particular, is to contribute to self-sufficiency in market garden products at the national level.
The Senegal is one of sub-Saharan African countries closest major markets in Europe. With particular has abundant resources suitable land has agricultural production and water potential of agriculture in Senegal is widely recognized. The models of success in recent years have proved the capability existing operators private Senegalese and foreigners on the market locally and for export, including horticultural production.
Climatic and soil conditions throughout the country present an excellent environment for agricultural production, especially horticulture.
Several positive factors determining the competitiveness of Senegal in agriculture, more particularly in export horticulture in cons-season, namely:
- Landscaping irrigation in the valley of the River Senegal and Anambé / Investments private in equipment and productive infrastructure up;
- Terms agroecological very favorable to the development of three growing seasons;
- Advantageous geographical situation in relation to the main export markets;
- very favorable ocean climate on the coastal strip of the country (Coastline and Senegal River Valley) and suitable for off-season crops;
- several soil types adapted to cereal and horticultural crops;
- significant underutilized water potential in some areas of the country: 4 million ha of arable land equivalent to 385 ha per 1000 inhabitants, the world average being 86 ha per 1000 inhabitants;
- 35 billion m3 of renewable surface water and 4 billion m3 of groundwater;
- a renewed interest for the origin Senegal for speculations such as green beans, cherry tomato or but sweet.
STRATEGIC POSITIONING OF SENEGAL
For several years, Senegalese agriculture has embarked on a major diversification policy, notably on the development and promotion of export crops. Today, thanks to the modernization and diversification of production, Senegal has been experiencing , for the past ten years , a steady increase in volumes, but also a diversification of the range of products and destination markets , which has allowed to ensure a presence of Senegalese horticultural products on the export markets in a quasi-permanent way.
The opportunities of investment proved to exist for investors deprived in modernizing agricultural practices in the infrastructure platform (facilities postharvest, chains cold, etc.), and marketing, including:
- Export Horticulture against season: various assets, including the existence of a wide range of opportunities in many niches identified and the possibility of making various speculations in the sector of fruits and vegetables throughout the year ( corn sweet, cherry tomato, melon, etc.)
- Cultures cereal (Rice, Wheat , etc.);
- Post-harvest infrastructure : transport, packaging, storage;
- Production and marketing of inputs: fertilizers, seeds, phytosanitary products;
- Production and marketing of agricultural equipment;
- Processing industries (fresh, manufactured), dried fruits etc.);
- Facilities agricultural and irrigation;
- Opportunities Investment proven in modernizing agricultural practices in the plateformeinfrastructures (facilities postharvest, chains cold, etc.) and in marketing.
The horticultural export, for example, enjoys various advantages, including the existence of a wide range of opportunities in many niches identified and the possibility of making various speculations in the sector of fruits and vegetables throughout of the year. The corn sweet, in particular, has become a major export products with the cherry tomato and melon, which knows also exponentially with window marketing increasingly long.
The cut flowers and the decorative foliage constitute, moreover, a range of export products for the moment underexploited in Senegal.