PORTRAIT OF THE SECTOR
In Senegal , the mining sector has significant potential for private investors . With the exception of phosphates, gold, zircon and industrial limestones, the mining potential is largely under-exploited.
The Government of Senegal , in consultation and close collaboration with various stakeholders, has developed a policy mining tending to improve the performance of activities extractive to attract domestic investors and foreigners and especially to ensure domestic production can to generate wealth and create sustainable jobs.
To valorize all its mining resources , Senegal undertook a vast policy of opening of the sector to develop in particular the foreign mining investment
In terms of resources mining , the Senegal is traditionally known, from the years 1940 to phosphate mining.
The Senegal has a rich subsoil resources with various minerals such as:
- the metals precious (gold and platinum );
- the metal base (iron, copper, chromium, nickel);
- the minerals industry (phosphates, industrial limestone, salt, etc.);
- the minerals heavy (zircon, titanium, etc.);
- the ornamental stones and materials of construction.En regarding iron, iron deposits are located in four (04) distinct zones and reserves proven are estimated at over 750 million tonnes. One of these areas is the Faléme project in the south-east of the country, which involves an annual production of 15 to 25 million tons of iron ore. Its development is integral to the creation of new road and port infrastructures with the ore port of Bargny .
The Senegalese sedimentary basin is also rich in other resources such as zircon, titanium, industrial limestone, attapulgite, peat, natural gas, etc. To valorize all these mineral resources , Senegal undertook a vast policy of opening up the sector to develop in particular the foreign mining investment .
The interest in developing the sector of mineral resources and fertilizers appears to be manifold. These achievements fall within the framework:
- the rebalancing of the trade balance, the amp cation of the effects of training on the rest of the economy (resources scales , agriculture, industry, infrastructure) and of contribution to development social through artisanal mining.
- of resource mining is an opportunity to realize the basic infrastructure and develop the level of production areas of activities economic diversified and sustainable while ensuring the protection of the environment.
- the development of the mining industry, for which Senegal will position itself as a reference center for services in the region . The development of a fertilizer sector with a national champion is part of the objective of sustainably raising the productivity and levels of agricultural production.
The basement Senegalese shows many signs or deposits of useful substances or minerals , which leaves room for the entry of new investors deprived in the sector . The interest in heavy mineral sands in Senegal has grown rapidly in view of the different opportunities they offer . Sand dunes along the Atlantic coast are e and large deposits of industrial minerals such as zircon and titaniferous minerals and ilmenite .
The eastern part of the country is full of important mineral resources , some of which are currently being exploited. The mining prospecting and geological mapping carried out made it possible to highlight the indices of metallic and non- metallic ores : platinum, chromium, silver, manganese , industrial clays, ornamental stones etc.
The Senegal Oriental holds , moreover, significant reserves of good marble quality estimated at several million meters cube. These marbles which there are up to six (06) varieties are located mainly in Ndébou , Bandafassi and Ibel .
The country has created a climate conducive to investment through a simple, clear, transparent, flexible, competitive and non-discriminatory legislative and regulatory framework and has attracted investors for the revival and development of traditional sectors. phosphates and cement works than the research and exploitation of gold, iron, marble, etc. in the region of Eastern Senegal and zircon and titanium at the Grande Côte .
Just for phosphates, the exploitation of deposits across the country, whose reserves are estimated at between 500 million and 1 billion tonnes, places Senegal in the top ten phosphate producing countries worldwide.
STRATEGIC POSITIONING OF SENEGAL
The Senegal has Summer a leading phosphate producers in the world, with the exploitation of large deposits of lime phosphate Taiba , in the region of Thies .
The Senegalese subsoil contains a large variety of mineral wealth : iron, gold, copper, peat, copper, chromium, alumina phosphates, ceramic and industrial clay (attapulgite), ornamental stones (marble, granite, etc.), sand heavy ( ilmenite , zircon, rutile), extra siliceous sands (glass sand), diatomaceous earth , rock salt, etc.
The Senegal is prevailing a significant mining potential, but only phosphates and derivatives (acids and fertilizers), materials , construction (stone brick, cement, clay, aggregates, gypsum, sand and gravel) are up to this dominated the sector.
The Government has put in place incentives for the development of a mining sector generating wealth, under the Mining Code.
The objectives set should soon be overwhelmed with the implementation of the Plan projects Senegal Emergent, which o re the opportunities proved to the private sector, including:
- the development of the phosphate sector , thanks in particular to the exploitation of the Matam phosphate deposits and the production of fertilizers;
- The integrated project of Iron Faléme ;
- Exploration and exploitation of open pit mines:
- The treatment, handling and loading of ore trains
- The rehabilitation of railway lines
- The construction of a mineral port at Bargny
- the acceleration of gold mining in the region of Kedougou and zircon from the Grand Coast ;
- the promotion of artisanal mining, to make it a real opportunity for developing social etéconomique.La realization of these projects will be facilitated by the establishment of a genuine mining hub area , making Senegal the area of reference in terms of services mining in the region of west Africa.