The Regional Express Train (TER) is one of the flagship projects of the Emerging Senegal Plan (PSE) initiated by the President of the Republic, His Excellency Mr Macky Sall. The TER will link downtown Dakar to the new Blaise Diagne International Airport 57km away in 45 minutes.
Articulated with other modes of transport through a cleverly thought-out feeder system, the TER will form the backbone of transport in the Senegalese capital. The project will be carried out in two phases: a first phase going from Dakar station to Diamniadio (36km) and a second phase going from Diamniadio to the AIBD airport (19km).
The TER, a structuring project
When phase 1 comes into service, the TER will carry up to 115,000 passengers a day and will serve 13 stations and stops between the suburbs of Dakar and the new city of Diamniadio. The fourteenth (14th ) station, which is Blaise Diagne International Airport, will be served at the end of phase 2 works. ) gare, celle de l’Aéroport International Blaise Diagne sera desservie à la fin des travaux de la phase 2.
With a frequency of 6 trains per hour (one train every 10 minutes) and a top speed of 160 km/h, the TER is a mass transport system that meets international standards in terms of urban mobility. The TER Dakar - AIBD project as it is conceived today achieves socio-economic profitability.
Indeed, the socio-economic surveys completed show that Phase 1 (Dakar - Diamniadio) alone of the project achieves very good profitability with a socio-economic IRR of between 11.9% and 14.9% depending on the scenario with an Intermediate fare that brings significant benefits for the community.
In terms of employment, thousands of young Senegalese men and women will be recruited during the construction phase but also during the operational phase of the project.
The project will contribute to the creation of new trades and the emergence of new vocations in the railway sector.
Stations will also be spaces for revitalising cities in the sense that they will boost activities and encourage the emergence of related economic activities that will be grafted around the TER.
The TER, several contracts for several areas of expertise
The implementation strategy chosen for the project was to allocate the work by area to facilitate implementation and ensure that deadlines were met.
Since 2016, the procurement process, based on the Preliminary Project Summary (PPS) studies completed by SYSTRA, has resulted in the signature of contracts for the following lots:
The M1 contract (Infrastructure) covers the detailed studies and installation work for a two-track UIC 1435 mm railway platform, the construction of the restoration works (rail bridges, road bridges, hydraulic structures, footbridges, etc.), the roads, the two (2) maintenance sites (rolling stock and infrastructure) and the station platforms.
The M2 (Systems) contract covers detailed surveys and the supply and installation of all the technical systems of the project, including railway signalling, power supply system (substation, catenaries, etc.), telecommunications, passenger information and ticketing.
The M3 contract (metric track) concerns the works to shift and renew the existing metric track intended to accommodate commercial freight operations.
The M4 contract is subdivided into two categories: the M4 A1 contract awarded to Eiffage Senegal, which concerns the renovation and development of Dakar and Rufisque stations, and the M4 A2 contract awarded to Getran, which concerns the construction of the emblematic Diamniadio station.
The M5 (Rolling Stock) contract, in its first phase, concerns an order for fifteen (15) dual-mode self-propelled trains (both electric and diesel traction) of the CORADIA brand. Each train will consist of four (4) cars and will be able to carry up to 565 passengers, offering WIFI, multimedia, comfort (1st and 2nd class), air conditioning, storage and lighting on board. A second phase will deliver an order for 7 trains.
In 2018, it is planned to finalise the procurement process for the following lots:
- Contract M4-B1 : Construction of Thiaroye and Keur Mbaye FALL stations;
- Market M4-B2 : Construction of the eight Halts
- Market M6 : Maintenance et Exploitation du TER
The main works started in 2017; With the support of and Assistance to the Contracting Authority (AMO-Systra), APIX-S.A. ensures the smooth implementation and the respect of the master schedule for a commissioning in early 2019.
Expropriation procedures and social support for people affected by the project (PAP)
The TER project in its first phase, crosses 18 communities/boroughs located in the departments of Dakar, Pikine and Rufisque. Single counters called "Maison TER", information and conciliation centres, have been set up in each department to receive the 12,000 people affected by the project (PAP). These PAPs were identified in accordance with the Action and Resettlement Plan (PAR), which was completed and validated by an ad-hoc committee chaired by the Minister of the Interior.
Since 2016, under the aegis of the Governor of Dakar and under the supervision of the prefects, conciliation commissions have started in the departments of Dakar, Rufisque and Pikine.
In addition, in order to ensure that the compensation package is properly appropriated and respects the principles of donor compensation (OP 4.12), facilitating structures (NGOs) have been recruited to work in each TER House and to provide good support to the PAPs.
In order to ensure acceptance of the project by the local population, a collaborative process was initiated with the local authorities and administrative authorities through the holding of several information and awareness-raising meetings in all the boroughs impacted by the project.
In addition, a vast social support programme, which is an additional process to the PAPs' compensation, was initiated upstream with the local communities and administrative authorities. In addition to the implementation of several related developments, social support aims to strengthen the social and economic capacities of the actors impacted by the project.
At the same time, the related developments provided for in this programme may contribute to the development of economic activities in the municipalities crossed.
Committed partners and financing secured
As for the works, the financing scheme of the project was allocated between different donors in order to cover the different lots independently.
In 2016, the approvals of the Boards of Directors of AFD and the French Treasury were received and a financing agreement was signed with IDB.
The first disbursements were effective in 2017 after the signature of the financing agreements between the State of Senegal , AFD and the AfDB.
The significant contribution of these multiple donors to the construction of this structuring project undeniably shows their support and acceptance of the project which will form the basis of urban transport for future generations.